Stress in Verbs and Nouns
Last Monday’s class we saw the sound stress in verbs and nouns. And we learned how to make differences in pronouncing verbs and nouns that are Homographs, which means that, are spelled the same, but pronounced differently.
There are differences between verbs and nouns in English, you know that a verb is a word action which describes and a noun names something, well sometimes we have the same spelling of words that come from Latin originally such as subject / səb-jěkt'/ that is a noun, is what you take in school, and subject, / səb-jěkt'/ for instance, if I said “I subject you to punishment” the accent is in the second syllable because is a verb and the same thing happens with other verbs as:
conflict /ˈkɑn ˌflɪkt/ conflict /kən ˈflɪkt/
rebel /ˈrɛ bəl/ rebel /rə ˈbɛl/
permit /ˈpɚ ˌmɪt/ permit /pɚ ˈmɪt/
record /ˈrɛ kɚd/ record /rə ˈkɔrd/
During the class we saw many examples with the purpose of identifing how to pronounce a verb and how to pronounce a noun.
We conclude the following:
- Nouns are stress on the 1st syllable
Example: discount /dĭs'kount'/
- Verbs are stress on the 2nd syllable
Example: discount / dis-kount'/
- Verbs with –er ending are stress in the first syllable
Example: cover /kuvər/
- Of course there are some exceptions like: answer / ān'sər/, reply/ rĭ-plī'/, remove/ (rĭ-mov'/, etc.
Exercise for pronunciation (practice)…
Rules in pronunciation…